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The War in Vietnam has influenced political, social and cultural scenario of the modern United States of America to such an extent that impact of the same can be realized in different dimensions of American life even in the contemporary time. While on one hand, the entire system of American bureaucracy attempted to project the war as an important step to protect national security, and interventional of communism with the purpose of jeopardizing lives of common Americans, on the other hand, a large part of the American general population clearly believed that the War is not only affecting image of the nation in the global scenario but consequently in terms of economic as well as social stability, also resulting in irreparable damage. The cultural revolution in the American social context, during the Vietnam War, not only gave birth to a tremendous anti-war sentiment but active participation from some of the most recognized academic scholars of the time, namely Stanley Karnow and Gabriel Kolko, also revealed the “bumbling and misinformed, or imperialistically aggressive” (Wiest 8) nature of the American politics. Though the process of exposing the deceit behind American foreign policy towards Vietnam and deception of common people by the bureaucracy commenced during the continuation of the war itself, however, layers of the actual purpose behind waging war over Vietnam was gradually becoming clear with time. A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam by Neil Sheehan is one such book that exposes the political manipulation of the passion of common people surrounding the war and consequently the plight that the United States suffered throughout every dimension of its social, political and cultural both during and aftermath the war period. Thesis Statement: No matter how much the United States of America attempted to maneuver and suppress the actual reasons to wage an attack over Vietnam, outcomes of the Cultural Revolution perfectly pointed out the elements of deceit. While the process of exposing treachery of the nation against its citizens commenced during the very war time period, however, with progress of time it started taking a more conspicuous form. By analyzing A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam by Neil Sheehan an attempt will be made to revaluate the actual reasons of America’s declaration of war against Vietnam and consequently with reference to other sources it would be attempted to show that to which extent the socio-cultural dimensions of American life encountered plight of such decision making. Methodology: In order to understand the entire issue as well as to develop the right kind of argument in the context of rethinking America’s declaration of war against Vietnam, at first, efforts will be made to understand the political history of Vietnam and its political relation with the United States. This effort will attempt to focus on the actual reasons that excited the American political system to take such a radical step. The next step would be association of the findings with that of Neil Sheehan’s narrative in the book A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam. Finally, efforts will be made to find out that to which extent Sheehan’s arguments are acceptable. In this context special focus will be provided on narrative of two films The Deer Hunter and Apocalypse Now. As both these films have attempted to encompass the consequent impacts of America’s declaration of war on Vietnam quite from a realistic perspective, establishing a relation between Sheehan’s narrative with these films would be effective in understanding the consequences of such political decision making from humanistic perspective. The History: The history of Vietnam can be classified into four parts, namely, a) the history of Viet

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