What is Deterrence? Crime rate in almost every country has decreased over the few decades. It is due to the establishment of clear consequences and punishments for the criminals that make them think twice before they actually plan to carry out some criminal activities. Deterrence involves development of strict punishments or longer sentences for the criminals in order to discourage them from committing crimes. Longer sentences or punishments have proved to be very useful in decreasing the crime rate all across the world. The act of discouraging criminals from commission of crimes using the threat of longer sentences and punishments is known as deterrence. Deterrence injects that fear of punishment into the minds of the people that keeps them away from committing crimes. One of the great aspects of deterrence is that it seeks to target the potential crimes before they actually happen.Criminological Theory Deterrence theory underlies the act of crime prevention. This theory is based on the concept that a person will be deterred from committing any sort of crime, if he is aware of the consequences of committing a crime. Deterrence theory promotes the concept that every person understands the difference between a right act and a wrong act. This theory of criminology is founded on the belief that a person does not commit a crime if the consequences of the crime outweigh the crime’s benefits. Deterrence is a concept that relates to the criminal justice system and keeps the citizens safe from different kinds of crimes.Correctional Sanctions and Crime Reduction Correctional sanctions have played a considerable role in reducing the crime rate in almost every country of the word. Application of correctional sanctions is an attempt to prevent the criminals from committing any sort of crime by injecting the sense of consequences into the minds of the criminals. The fear of punishment makes a person think twice before committing a crime. Correctional sanctions include such measures that have really proved to be very successful in reducing the crime rate in every part of the world. Some of the most useful measures include incarceration, punishments, and long sentences. Punishments such as imprisonment are very useful mechanisms for deterring criminal activity (Lynch, 1999).One of the most important tasks of the government of any country should be to create the fear of punishment in the minds of criminals in order to prevent them from carrying out a criminal activity. One of the benefits, which come from the implementation of correctional sanctions, is removal of the fear of crimes and violence from the minds of the peaceful citizens. The basic purpose of deterrence is to make the criminals aware of the consequences of crimes. It is a common fact that people do not want to be punished or sent to jails in any case. Therefore, they opt not to commit any sort of crime as it endangers their dignity and respect among other people. Therefore, we can say that use of correctional sanctions is very effective in reducing the crime rate.ReferencesLynch, M. (1999). Beating a Dead Horse: Is There Any Basic Empirical Evidence for the Deterrent Effect of Imprisonment?. Crime, Law and Social Change, 31, 347-362.
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