Due to so many causalities, many aviation personnel believed that some sort of federal regulation was necessary which can impact public confidence in the safety aspects. However, many believed that it should be in the hands of state authorities. To thwart the debate, the then president Calvin Coolidge appointed a committee to investigate the need of some safety measures. On submission of the report by the committee, the Air Commerce Act came into being on May 20, 1926. (FAA Historical chronology) Under the act, all fundamental regulatory powers were vested with the United States Department of Commerce, whose primary focus was on establishing airways, to certify the airworthiness of aircraft, testing and providing licenses to pilots, making and enforcing safety rules, investigating accidents in aviation. Later on, in 1938, a new independent agency came into effect known as the Civil Aeronautics Authority. In 1940, the then President Franklin Roosevelt split the CAA into two forming another body called Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB). The CAA had the responsibility of air traffic control, safety programs, and airway development. The job of CAB was to ensure safety aspects, accident investigation. Both organizations operated under the Department of Commerce, however, CAB operated with more autonomy and functioned independently. After a number of midair collisions, the government gave way to a new act called the Federal Aviation Act of 1958. This act prompted the formation of a new body called Federal Aviation agency taking over the functions of CAA. This act transferred the task related to safety aspects from CAB to FAA with full responsibility for common civil-military operations of air traffic control and air navigation. (FAA Historical chronology)

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