Human Cloning Philosophy by AristotleTerm cloning refers to the scientific approaches and successful practices of making copies of living or non-living organisms. Successful human cloning is a remarkable achievement of science and practitioners, who have made genetically identical copies of existing humans through artificial methods. However, this method of producing replicas of human is a controversial issue because many people consider it ethical, while some other believes it as an evil practice. Many intellectuals and philosophers have expressed their thoughts and notions about the ethical and unethical issues related with the human cloning. In this paper, we shall highlight the ideas and philosophical concepts of Aristotle about human cloning practices. When in Switzerland the first clone of sheep that was named dolly made many individuals consider it against human ethics and they believed that such practices contribute to devalue the natural processes of childbirth. Aristotle has opposed practices of human cloning and supported his thoughts with the claims of psychological influences of human cloning (Aristotle). He explained that babies, who are produced through artificial means by utilizing cells of single parent, remained deprived from the love of both parents. When they see other children around them with mother and father both they become victim of complex and depression (Aristotle). Additionally, he highlighted that there is a risky situation for the mother who gives her cells for artificial reproduction process because the procedure of taking out cells from mother`s body is dangerous for her health as well as for the embryo, which is used to making genetically identical copy of the mother (Aristotle). Moreover, human cloning goes against the natural system and authority of child birth that has been given to men and women by the God within the boundaries of legal relationship. However, advanced system of making human clones or reproduction of test tube babies has degraded rights of men and women and has interrupted the God made procedures of baby production (Aristotle). Aristotle has also supported such claims because he has presented his philosophy that totally disagrees with the ethical nature of human cloning. His philosophy explicitly highlights that human cloning is unethical because unfair and painful means are used to give birth to the baby (Aristotle). He considered that methods of human cloning are bad and it is evident from the first experiment of sheep cloning, which employed more than hundred scientists to work day and night in order to make an experiment of cloning successful. Number of scientists contributed in the experiment showed that this examination must have various deformities or weaknesses (Aristotle). According to Aristotle`s philosophy it could be easily understood that when human clones will be made they would definitely possess some deformities either physical or mental (Aristotle). Additionally, creation of an individual with deformities would drastically effect live of the cloned body and his family. Therefore, from the above analysis of Aristotle`s philosophy about human cloning it has noticed that human cloning is an unethical practice because it employs various terrible and painful methods of baby production and consequences are not guaranteed. In fact, there are more chances of negative outcomes rather positive effects on parents, cloned individuals and society. Works CitedAristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. New York: Cosimo, Inc, 2007.
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