Looking into the history of cultures and civilizations at large, it becomes evident that humans have always been the lovers of freedom of thought and action since their arrival on the Earth. All the wars, battles, and conflicts are mere the outcome of the suppression and oppression committed on the poor, weak, and helpless strata by the influential minority of a social establishment since ever. It is, therefore, the religious leaders, philosophers, and intellectuals devoted their lives to the elimination of tyranny and observance of social justice for all human beings without discrimination.Human Rights Cost of Implementation: Human rights activists have to tolerate lots of opposition and sufferings while combating with the violation of human rights. One of the most startling hurdles on the way of implementing human rights is the division of society into groups and communities, where every group not only tries to prove itself as the superior one, but also it aims to implement its policies over others, putting their freedom and survival in grave jeopardy. Social groups are not only divided into divergent religious, ethnic, cultural, and racial groups, but also the distribution of a society is based on age, gender, and socioeconomic status too. When we think of castes and classes, Davis notes, and of social stratification in general, we have in mind the groups which occupy different positions in the social order and enjoy different amounts of prestige. Hence, positions based on sex, age and kinship do not form part of the system of stratification. On the other hand, the positions that are socially prohibited from being combined in the same legal family viz. different caste and class positions constitute what we call stratification. (1969: 364)Social inequalities are found in all fields of life and all the institutions prevailing in asociety.
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