Schooling or education had gained some criticisms as many critics argued against the benefits of school learning. The structural functionalist system focused on “society level interests and the construction of an institutional order to serve those interests” (Brint 13). Later, society witnessed reformative changes in educational sector. and precisely, it was the Open Admission system. As time elapsed, changes were adopted by The City College of New York. The shift toward open admission was one among many significant changes. The Open Admission practices covered a major sphere of life, quoting from the verses “it encompassed admissions, faculty hiring, curriculum and overall mission” (Biondi 114). It had to encounter protest in the beginning of its establishment itself. This dispute was accompanied by political calamity, thus getting attention from the media. The pathetic thing to notice is the negative attitude of approach towards different categories of people. In order to resist and safeguard the rights, movements were formulated. for instance, the “Black Student Movement.” And such movements in fact controlled “the university policy, structure and culture”(Biondi 115). …
B. The Open Admission system was highly criticized by many reformers in the state. Martha Biondi and Jerome Karabel were the two contemporaries who criticized such kind of policies introduced by the university like The City College of New York. Both of them went through an elaborative critical analysis and study of such innovative programs. There are numerous evidences and strong points to substantiate the point of view of Biondi who looked at certain negative sides of this system. In fact, this was based on the pitiable condition of educational institution to assist the students with basic provisions. “Surge in enrollments, and a failure to add the necessary resources and services for the new student body, prompting a high dropout rate” were reported (Biondi). He argued and condemned the inability and inefficiency of the system to facilitate the requirements of the students due financial crisis during the period. Whereas, when considering the opinions and arguments of Jerome Karabel, a similar notion of discomfort is found in such kind of functionalism of Open Admission. According to him a major problem associated with this was the political inequality that in turn affected the growth of open functionalist system in the state. It remained as a hindrance to the progress of many colleges and universities. As it is reported, “At a time when other public institutions were expanding at breakneck speed, CUNY was inching forward at snail’s pace”. This political crisis further resulted into many other issues even to social discord, as violence was reported. Precisely, the educated blacks had constantly fought for rights and they were labeled with violence. Finally, it is crystal clear from the fact

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