For example, the National Health Service (NHS) aims to have access to a far wider, and more detailed suite of digital mapping (The Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2011). Further, according to HM Government and Ordnance Survey (2011), the initiative of Public Sector Mapping Agreement (PMSA) is targeted to create a common location data framework for joining up policy and providing services and achieve better planning to meet e-governance targets and initiatives. Moreover, there are the Local Government Authorities (LGAs) which are to be extensively inter-networked with the help of ICT integration (The Audit Commission, 2002). 2. Can these targets be achieved? The targets cannot be achieved until it is understood that governance in UK is done through different organisations. hence e-governance will call for extensive coordination of various electronic data and processes. 3. What are the types of problems that are being encountered? The inability of the local authorities to sufficiently specify their requirements is a serious problem. Around one fifth of authorities (are) reporting that they found it difficult or fairly difficult to specify their requirements in e-government contracts. (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister et al, 2003, p. 30) Lack of understanding of e-governance is another type of problem. Moreover, there are a number of accounts of technologies that were delivered late, mis-specified, failed to provide the required functionality and were slow or costly (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister et al, 2003, p. 16). 4. What are some of the problems involved in private and public IT projects? Wrong selection of technologies is a major problem. In private sector, scarcity of understanding and process education continues to be a debacle (Kelle amp. Akbulut, 2005. Jankowicz, 2000). Moreover, lack of political will and socio-technical policy framework may lead to serious concerns in public sector IT projects (Bellamy amp. Taylor, 1998). 5. What is the impact of technology on business? Technology is designed to simplify the business processes and provide decision support. In the business of e-governance, public interactions through advanced technology interfaces would provide greater participation and understanding. (Guo, Fang, amp. Winston, 2006) 6. What are some of the real world problems of large IT projects? Software programming error or inadequacy can be a major risk for large IT projects. For example, the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG) has revealed concerns about creating optimum software for the purpose of digital mapping and related data analysis (The Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2011). Technological integration in the context of change management is another significant problem, as we have seen in the case of Groupware Technologies (Orlikowski amp. Hofman, 1997, p. 11). Inter-organisational exchange of critical electronic data is another run time problem in large IT projects. (Bigdeli, Kamal, amp. deCesare, 2011) Section 2: Analysis 1. How can the technologies used in UK E-Government be expanded and developed? The technologies which are being utilized for the purpose of creating a common platform for UK E-Government are organised inside the Electronic Government Interoperability Framework (eGIF) (Cabinet Office, Office of the E-Envoy, 2001). In expanding this system, we need a comprehensive framework to examine the factors affecting

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