Modern technologies have come up that help women conceive. These are known as the Assisted Reproductive Technology and involve the treatment of both the egg and the sperm (Lobo 57). Examples include the intracytoplasmic sperm injection, In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) which is the most used type among other methods and procedures.This paper will specifically look at In-Vitro Fertilization as a remedy to infertility. discuss how it is used, the conditions that require the use of IVP, treatment, and prevention. Its first use was in 1981 in the United States and since then, more than 250 000 new bones have come as a result of its use. It gives a couple a chance of having children who are related to them biologically (Lobo 120).This topic was chosen to help discuss alternatives to conceiving since many couples have had problems of getting their own child. The problem has been so prevalent that other marriages have had to suffer the harsh brutalities of the divorcee and all forms of breakups all caused by the problem of infertility. This paper will, therefore, try to give solutions to this problem and help people get children of their own.In-Vitro Fertilization was invented by Doctors Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe in the United Kingdom. It is a process that involves sperms fertilizing the egg cells outside the mother’s womb in a fluid medium. The fertilized egg, which is at this stage referred to as a zygote, is then placed in the mother’s uterus to continue growing until the time of delivery. In-Vitro refers to glass in Latin and this, therefore, implies that fertilization is done in the test tubes. The first normal birth of Louise Brown, a test tube baby, was reported in 1978. Since then, many successful births have been reported to have resulted due to the use of this technique. In short, the process requires removal of the female ovum and allowing it to be fertilized by the male sperms in a fluid medium.
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