The development of the critical study of this case is characterized by the adoption of a research-based and research informed approach which has been structured in a systematic manner. This aspect essentially ensures that the validity and reliability of the findings of the research are not compromised or rendered limited due to the incorporation of such perspectives which fail to take into account the significance of assessing the psychological, mental, social and emotional development of Chris from his childhood and throughout his adulthood for the purposes of this case analysis. Therefore, the foundations of this research-based and research informed approach are based on the exploration of four critical factors which address 1) the dynamic concept of resilience 2) the ecological approach to the practice 3) the attachment theory and 4) the concepts of identity and identity development. The notion of resilience has attracted extensive research which has been conducted by psychopathologists to effectively understand the underlying principles of this concept in a bid to associate the findings with those determinants of the external environment which play a fundamental role in defining people’s reactions to the identified determinants. According to Davydov et al. (2010, p. 2).Resilience can be viewed as a defense mechanism, which enables people to thrive in the face of adversity and improving resilience may be an important target for treatment and prophylaxis. Rutter (2012) defines the paradigm of resilience by drawing from evidence and empirical data that are suggestive of the fact that certain individuals deliver a comparatively enhanced outcome when facing a level of hardship while, others may display reactions or responses that are essentially negative and even harmful to their life prospects. Rutter (2012) understands that the variation and differentiation in these responses governs an individual’s response to negative experiences that may occur in the future.
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