Our world since its origination has been a ‘hotbed’ of activity. Activity in the sense, the central component of this world, we humans have been showing activeness both mentally and physically, which have transformed our globe from a primitive one to an advanced one. Advancement, which is visible in all spheres of our life, as well as in the ‘sphere’, we live. And, that advancement is also seen in one of the important activities of the ‘sphere’, the activity of politics. That is, before the establishment of towns and cities, the concentration of people was in villages, where they lived a way of life, governed by local politics. With the advancement, humans spread out to new territories. And in course of time that territories became cities, states, and eventually countries. Along with this evolution of humans and territories, the political setup, which ruled a village, also evolved and new political setups came into being, to rule cities, provinces or states, and countries. These political setups got evolved or constituted according to an area’s culture, history, needs of the people, etc. So, there may be a vast difference in the way, politics is conducted in one land, when compared with another one. And this activity of comparing, in course of time, also evolved into a specialized field termed as comparative politics.Comparative politics, a branch of Political science, studies the world’s different political systems by comparing as well as contrasting, the inbuilt aspects of each country’s political system. The field of Political science is a vast one, and from the beginning of the 20th century, the growth of comparative perspectives in Political science is seen in all the areas of the discipline. The issues, subject matters, views, etc of Political science, which were treated as isolated cases before, were studied under a comparative approach now.
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