Sperm banks are facilities designated specifically for receiving and storing sperms which are later used by women who need the same. Sperm obtained from such a donor is known as donor sperm (Falcone and Hurd 539). Other names for sperm banks include cryobank and semen banks. As medically perceived there is no difference between pregnancies gotten through the natural insemination and ones that have been artificially inseminated (Falcone and Hurd 547). Though this as said may be true, but could this be the view of every other person?The fact that sperm can be donated raises a few ethical issues that need to be tackled before the process of artificial insemination begins (stanford.edu par. 4). These have been put into rights that were established based on the principles of medical rights and informed consent which may not be mandated by law technically speaking. The donor reserves the right to remain anonymous and the client has no right to know or inquire about the identity of the donor or seek the same through any other source. This right also sets the donor free from any responsibilities that may be tied to the offspring biologically. The client, on the other hand, has the right of information as to the shortcomings that might be related to the donation of sperm (stanford.edu par. 3). The success of sperm donation can never be guaranteed and a number of treatments must be performed. The sperm bank is not in a position to fully guarantee that the sperm donated has no disease and is free from genetic defects, though tests and screening done on the sperm are usually advanced. The client must also be brought to the knowledge of the fact that they have full responsibility concerning the offspring reproduced. The establishment of these rights is usually complete when the client signs the consent form informing her of her rights and those of the donor. This is verified by the client’s doctor.

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