Each patient has multiple components that are responsible for making each person unique and special—these are biological, psychological, socio-cultural, and spiritual. The patient has a capacity for growth and development as well as the desire to obtain the maximum capacity to enhance one’s potential.The state of good health is not merely the absence of disease but rather dynamic stability and equilibrium among his/her subsystems. The patient uses his internal and external resources based on his knowledge to protect his system from anything that might invade or break not to lose stability and equilibrium. Constantly moving toward equilibrium in an unstable environment, the patient cooperates with the nurse and share ideas and knowledge toward the same goal of a successful health outcome.Health can be accomplished through successful adaptation as the patient responds to life stressors given by the environment. Health is experienced as being connected and harmonized with physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects within the self, with others as well as with the environment. As a means of well-being, health is the system in a condition of balance and equilibrium, well-processed adaptation, enhanced ability to express oneself without restraint in every positive way, to successfully struggle against stressors, and to meet self-care needs. Health also means a continuous process of changing and befitting for the reason that each person should perceive health as a highly individualized unique system, according to personal cultural context.The environment provides resources to satisfy the patient’s basic needs and to improve a patient’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual development which are important factors that compose the environment. The environment not only presents a mixture of stressors, nevertheless provides resources needed that would groom the patient to adaptand acclimatize.
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