Children and young people subjected to sexual exploitation suffer grave violation of their rights, inclusive of the right to liberty, security of person, right to dignity, right not to be subjected to involuntary servitude, right to be free from cruel and inhumane treatment, right to health, and the right to be free from violence (UNICEF 2009, p.89. Jago et al. 2011, par.2). The pull factors to the child and young people sexual exploitation entail being liked/fancied, receiving alcohol, money or gifts and taken to clubs and adult venues (Davidson 2005, p.25. Melrose 2010, p.3). Push factors to sexual exploitation details aspects such as missing episodes, neglect, and emotional abuse, physical and sexual abuse, family breakdown/ disrupted family life, and problematic parenting emanating from the deficit in parenting capacity (Phoenix 2012, p.8. Phoenix 2002, p.353). The UK recognizes the role that human trafficking plays in fuelling sexual exploitation, and has instituted trafficking offenses for sexual exploitation established under section 57-60 of the Sexual Offenses Act 2003. The first section of the Act covers a broad range of offenses relating to sexual exploitation/prostitution, trafficking, and sexual grooming, plus the updated basic sexual offenses such as rape (O’ Connell 2011, p.459. Pearce 2006, p.2). The Children Act 1989 avails a comprehensive framework for addressing care and protection of children within the UK (Chase and Statham 2005, p.25. Lalor 2010, p.59). The new guidance unveiled during the New Labour Government (1997-2010) directed at aiding police, social workers, teachers, and health works to rise to the distinct challenge of highlighting children at risk via sexual exploitation, adoptingstrategiesto protectbothchildren and young people, and taking action against the spotlighted perpetrators.
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