The US Constitution places limits to the punishment under the 5th, 8th and 14th amendment to prevent cruel and unusual punishment, and execution of the mentally retarded and underage persons when the crime was committed. In opposition, it has not only led to miscarriages of justice, but incurs huge costs and undermines criminal rehabilitation. The final section is a reflection of the issue. It addresses the harsh lethal method of execution and how it violates the Constitutional amendment, brings an insight on the benefit of DNA scientific techniques and proposes for life imprisonment without parole.Capital punishment has been practised in United States for many centuries now. While majority of the countries around the world revoked the punishment and replaced it with life imprisonment, USA among other nations like republic of China and Saudi Arabia still retain death penalty. It has remained a controversial issue, but still with huge support from the government and the public. However, during the 1970s, for the first time in USA, death penalty was suspended from 1972&nbsp. on the grounds of cruel and unusual punishment that violated the 8th and 14th amendment, before resuming in 1976 (ACLU, 2012).An argument in favor – Constitutional
Capital punishment has been held constitutional in the United Stated for the past two centuries except for the period between 1972 and 1976. First, the framers of the U.S constitution intended for death penalty clearly defined crimes. Under the criminal codes, there are forty one punishable crimes by death, which based on these circumstances the federal government can convict and when proven guilty, an individual’s life taken. The enacted legislation in the 1st congress of the U.S and subsequent fifth, eighth and fourteenth amendment all shaped and contemplates of the existence of the penalty in the U.S and proves its validity per se.

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