It is stated that the Miranda Rights are the rights embraced by Article III, Sec 12(1) which includes investigations prior to the filing of charges. It is when the inquiry is under the control of the police officers. It is important to note that in the Miranda rights, it is specified that what makes evidence admissible are only extra-judicial confessions or admissions made during the custodial investigation. What the Constitution prohibits is the use of physical or moral compulsion to extort communication from the accused, but not inclusion of his body in evidence, when it may be material. In fact, an accused may validly be compelled to be photographed or measured, or his garments or shoes
With this in view, the accused must know that the act, declaration or omission of a party as to a relevant fact may be given in evidence against him.&nbsp. The declaration of an accused acknowledging his guilt of the offense charged, or of any offense necessarily included therein, may be given in evidence against him. The rule that an extrajudicial statement is an evidence only against the person making it also recognizes various exceptions. Once such exception worth noting is the rule that where several persons are charged with an offense and there could have been collusion with reference to said several confessions, the fact that statements are in all material respects identical is confirmatory of the
confession of the co-defendants and is admissible against the person implicated therein to show probability of the latter’s actual participation in the commission of the crime and may likewise serve as collaborative evidence if it is clear from other facts and circumstances that other persons have participated in the perpetration of the crime charged and proved. These are known as “interlocking confessions.”
According to the study made by the Innocence Project at Benjamin N. Cardozo Law School indicated that about 25% DNA exoneration cases out of 198 wrongful convictions. It said that these innocent defendants made incriminating statements, delivering outright confessions or plead guilty.
They further stated that these confessions are not always prompted by internal knowledge or actual guilt, but are sometimes motivated by external factors.

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